Avoiding the Flu1

Avoid close contact.

Avoid close contact with people who are sick. When you are sick, keep your distance from others to protect them from getting sick too.

Stay home when you are sick.

If possible, stay home from work, school, and errands when you are sick. You will help prevent others from catching your illness.

Cover your mouth and nose.

Cover your mouth and nose with a tissue when coughing or sneezing. It may prevent those around you from getting sick.

Clean your hands.

Washing your hands often will help protect you from germs.

Avoid touching your eyes, nose or mouth.

Germs are often spread when a person touches something that is contaminated with germs and then touches his or her eyes, nose, or mouth.

Practice Other Good Health Habits

Get plenty of sleep, be physically active, manage your stress, drink plenty of fluids, and eat nutritious foods.

Antiviral Medications

Four antiviral drugs (amantadine, rimantadine, zanamavir [Relenza®] and oseltamivir [Tamiflu®]) are approved and commercially available for use in treating flu. All of these medications are prescription drugs, and a doctor should be consulted before the drugs are used for treating flu.

Relenza® is a registered trademark of Glaxo Wellcome Inc.
Tamiflu® is a registered trademark of Roche Laboratories Inc.